Executive II

STOLE COAL FROM A MINE

Ten Persons Arrested and Arraigned

Before Alderman Millar–Counter Charge Dismissed.

   Charged with stealing coal from the Murray Coal company’s mine, operated by Patrick Murray. John Jordan, John Murphy. Peter Oliver, W.E. Wyant, Minnie Cillbrig, Harry Sailor, John Sailor, Henry Ogg and Jacob Gallow were arrested and arraigned before Alderman Millar last evening,

   For the past five years the defendants have been accustomed to get their fuel from the Murray mine. Murray did not insist upon their discontinuing the practice until lately, when it was found that they were taking advantage of his generosity. Orders to stop it were of no avail and Wednesday night the crowd appeared laden with bags in which to carry away the carboniferous product.

   James Murray, son of the owner, was in the drift when the party appealed. Straight into the mine they came and proceeded to fill the bags with freshly mined coal, until young Murray ordered them away. They were reluctant to go and he fired two shots from a revolver into the air. Then they departed. The defendants were held under $300 bail each.

   Peter Albaugh, representing the defendants, immediately swore out a warrant for the arrest of Murray on the charge of carrying firearms. Alderman Millar decided that inasmuch as a man had the privilege of protecting his property with firearms if necessary he had a perfect right to do so with a coal mine and dismissed the case.

[The Scranton Tribune, Scranton, PA., Friday Morning, March 1, 1901. Pg. 7]

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LET THE CRACKER CRACK

Mayor Moores Issues the Go-Ahead Signal
for July 4.

UNBRIDLED PATRIOTISM WILL REIGN

Ordinance Against Fireworks Will Be
Suspended Long Enough to Give
Young America His Inning–

Executive’s Proclamation.

   From 6 o’clock the evening of July 3 until midnight of July 4 young America and his ear-splitting explosives will reign supreme in Omaha. 

   Omaha will blossom out in red, white and blue on Independence day and celebrate the dawn of liberty with a vengeance, If the wishes of Mayor Moores are complied with.

   “Celebrate properly” is the mandate of the mayor. For thirty hours all ordinances prohibiting the discharge of firearms and firecrackers will be suspended. The only restriction on effervescing patriotism will be that dynamite and cannon firecrackers shall not be on the bill of fare.

   Mayor Moores’ proclamation is as follows: 

   To the Citizens of Omaha: As our great national holiday, the Fourth of July, draws near it become my privilege to call the attention of our people to the duty which every citizen owes to his country to celebrate properly the anniversary of our national independence.

   It is earnestly hoped that every loyal citizen of Omaha will cease labor himself and give his employes also a holiday on that day and show his patriotism by displaying flags and bunting on his residence and on his place of business. The ordinances of the city of Omaha forbid the firing of firearms and firecrackers at all times, but this rule may be suspended by the mayorI hereby suspend the operation of these ordinances for the evening of July 3 and for all of July 4, 1901. The firing of dynamite firecrackers and cannon firecrackers is made a misdemeanor by the city ordinances and is punishable. by a heavy fine. This ordinance is not suspended and will be strictly enforced. The firing of fireworks prior to the evening of July 3 is also a misdemeanor and the police have been ordered to arrest violators of the ordinance. This order will be followed to the letter, for such firing is dangerous and has caused several teams to run away, thereby endangering life and property.

   The firing of explosives on July 3 and 4 in alleys near barns or other combustible materials is expressly prohibited. Respectfully, FRANK E. MOORES, Mayor.

[The Omaha Daily Bee, Wednesday Morning, July 3, 1901. Pg. 12]

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Ex-Gov. Liewellyn Powers, however, opposed the proposal very strongly. “I believe,” he said, “that the right of the people to bear arms is guaranteed by the Constitution, and I doubt very much the wisdom of attempting to prohibit it. It has been shown that forest fires are are rarely, if ever started from this cause, and I believe very little harm is done in the way of killing game.

   Major Victor W. MacFarlane, formerly of Chicago, but now residing at Greenville, following Gov. Powers with an impassioned argument.

   It is time to stop,” he said. “This association has gone far enough at present. It is time to have the present laws enforced and to see if they are proper and just. To my mind this question borders on what is known as individual rights and it means but one thing: the man who would go into the woods and would not kill would be barred out and that man who intends to kill would slaughter ruthlessly. Let this agitation which has been going on year after year, and which culminated last year in what is to my mind the extreme limit, the hunter’s license stop. I believe this present movement should be opposed with all the force and energy we can bring to bear.

   Major MacFarlane’s address was enthusiastically applauded by visitors from outside the state.

[The Sun, New York, Sunday, July 19, 1903, Second Section, Vol. LXX.–No. 322. Pg. 10.]

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ROOT ROASTS MILES
ON EVE OF HIS
RETIREMENT

Former Lieutenant General 
“Rare Exception.”

BUT PUBLIC LIKES HIM

   Washington, D. C. Dec. 6.–While making no mention of his retirement from the cabinet at the middle of February, Elihu Root, secretary of war, in his annual report, just made to the president, takes occasion to express his “keen and grateful appreciation of the kindness, generous loyalty and sincere effort which, with rare exceptions have characterized the chiefs of bureaus.” The “rare exception” was tho attitude of former Lieutenant General Miles. He says: “A country is fortunate which has such officers to rely upon in the time of need.”

   The secretary makes a strong recommendation for a suitable appropriation with which to carry on target practice and says: “I know of nothing more important in preparing for war than teaching the young men of the country to shoot straight. It is especially important to the efficiency of our volunteer armies in the future. It is of no use to pay, equip, subsist, or transport a soldier to the battle field unless he can hit an enemy when he shoots at him. Two recent changes in conditions require that we should make continuous and active progress. One is the change of modern rifles which determines battles while the combatants are at great distances from each other, and which makes practice more necessary for good marksmanship than ever before. The other is the decline In the use of  firearms among the greater part of our people. Formerly when our population was scattered and game was abundant in all parts of the country every house had its rifle or Its shotgun, and every boy learned to shoot them. Now it is probable that a majority of the young men in the thickly settled parts of the country have never fired a gun and would be quite harmless to an enemy until taught to shoot. The time to give that instruction is now. We ought not to wait until we are actually engaged in hostilities. When that times comes they will not wait for us to give the instructions.”

[The Stark County Democrat, Canton, Ohio, Tuesday, December 08, 1903. Vol. 70 No. 53. Pg. 7]

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In the United States our people have acted of a higher and better principle, that every man is a sovereign citizen having the right to bear arms and that only a small percentage of the physical force is required in practical military service. Our principle has been to maintain only a small standing army, and to rely on the militia of the several states as a grand reserve that could be utilized, and within a short time efficiently organized for use in time of war. Yet all men between the ages of eighteen and forty-five could be made available in case of a serious war, such as the invasion of the country.

-Lieutenant General Nelson A. Miles, Excerpted from the article; “The Most Efficient Army For Our Nation “The Existence of a Free Government Depends Upon the Principles and Character of Its National Defenders” – under the subheading; The Plan of the People.

[New-York Tribune, New-York, Sunday, February 17, 1907. Vol. LXVI….No. 22,008. Pg. 27]

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[The Washington Herald, Washington, D.C., Tuesday, December 24, 1912. No. 2271. Pg. 4]

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WILL STOP SALES OF ARMS
TO MINORS WITHOUT PAPERS

   Mayor Tom Lea on Tuesday notified chief of police B.J. Zabriskie to enforce the ordinance regarding the sale of firearms to minors. This ordinance specifies that any firm or person selling or leasing firearms or ammunition to minors without the written consent of their parents or guardians is subject to a fine of $200.

   Recently the police department found boys under 10 years of age had been shooting pistols with .22 caliber bullets, it is said. The boys were amusing themselves by shooting at the feet of school girls, it was reported.

[El Paso Herald, El Paso, Texas, Wednesday Evening, March 21, 1917. Home Edition, Pg. 5]

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He urged the officers and men to carry with them, whether their future lay with the regular army, the national guard or civilian life, the reminder that painstaking training and proficiency in the use of firearms is a great national, as well as a great personal asset.

–Gen. John J. Pershing, From the article Pershing Competes in U.S. Rifle Meet.

[The Bisbee Daily Review, Thursday, May 8, 1919. Vol. 21–No. 111 Pg. 8]

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Among special war taxes which the president in his message to congresss Tuesday suggested should be eliminated are . . . firearms . . .

[Le Meschacébé, Lucy (Parish Of St. John The Baptist), Louisiana. May 31, 1919. Vol. 66. No. 22. Pg. 1]

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Miners Arming
For Strike War
in W. Virginia

State Police Learn Large
Quantities of Rifles and
Machine Guns Have Been
Sent From Cincinnati

Militia Ready to Act

Life and Death Battle Is
Expected if Coal Men
Go Out on April 1

Special Dispatch to The Tribune

   CHARLESTON, W, Va., March 16.–Firearms in large quantitiesincluding high powered rifles and machine guns, are being shipped into the Kanawha coal region in expectation of trouble if the coal mines shut down on April 1, Colonel Jackson Arnold, Superintendent of State Police, learned to-day. Following receipt of this information Colonel Arnold went into conference with Governor Morgan. Later the Governor said the state would take no action, as there is no law against importation of firearms.

   The state police chief said he received his information from numerous coal operators in the area surrounding Charleston and adjoining counties. An investigation, he added, revealed the information was true and that shipments of firearms and ammunition were received from Cincinnati. . . .

[New-York Tribune, Friday, March 17, 1922. Vol. LXXXI No. 27,515 Pg. 4]